Alcohol in diabetes, none of the doctors will recommend you. This can be understood, because diabetes itself carries certain health risks. But we are all people, and periodically the soul asks for a holiday. What should a diabetic do? Ignore the invitation, or still come, but feel like a hermit? Let’s find out if you can drink alcohol with diabetes, which drink to choose and how much you can drink. And at the same time, we will deal with the festive menu, because as a rule, culinary delights consist of many components, and are not always useful.
Is it possible to drink alcohol in diabetes mellitus
At festive events, you can not do without alcohol. It would be good not only to raise a glass to the health of those present, but also not to lose this health yourself.
Many people do not even know how alcohol affects the course of diabetes, they either forget to consult a doctor or are embarrassed. And in vain! An experienced endocrinologist will be able to give you some useful tips and do not be shy here. The doctor will not scold you, because we are all people, and everyone is the owner of their health.
Tips for people with Diabetes who Plan to Take Alcohol:
Tip #1 Alcohol intake for diabetes should be extremely rare, episodic in your life. All this is because even if you managed to perfectly compensate for sugar with the help of diet, sports and drugs, then after taking alcohol you will have to bring your body “in order”for a long time.
Tip #2 You can not take alcoholic beverages with a high sugar content. That is, we forget beer, low-alcohol drinks (by the way, it is better to forget them for healthy people), semi-sweet, table wines, liqueurs, liqueurs and so on.
At your disposal, from strong drinks – cognac, rum, whiskey, and from weak-dry and semi-dry wine and champagne. White or red doesn’t matter.
Tip #3 Drinks should be high-quality, expensive. And in no other way, since only poisoning was not enough for metabolic disorders in diabetes mellitus.
Tip #4 The amount of strong alcohol in diabetes should not exceed 70 ml, and weak 200 ml. And then, these amounts are considered conditionally safe, keep this in mind.
Tip # 5 Don’t drink on an empty stomach. Alcohol is quickly absorbed into the blood and gives a quick jump in sugar. And if there is food in the stomach, the absorption of alcohol slows down.
Tip #6 There must be at least one person in your company who knows about your illness. Uninitiated people will confuse the symptoms of hypoglycemia (low sugar levels) with alcohol intoxication.
Tip #7 It is mandatory to have a glucose meter and a sweet-a candy or a glucose tablet will do.
Tip #8 Before the feast, reduce the usual dosages of hypoglycemic drugs by half. While drinking alcohol, a little food with a low to medium carbohydrate content will reduce the risk of hypoglycemia. This advice is not universal, and may not be suitable for every diabetic.
Without a doctor’s recommendation, changing the dosage of medicines is strictly contraindicated!
Alcohol in diabetes mellitus. Effects
Alcohol in diabetes mellitus increases the effect of hypoglycemic drugs. That is, the usual dosage of drugs for you will act more strongly, as a result of which glucose can fall to a critically low level. Symptoms of hypoglycemia occur when the level of sugar in capillary blood (blood from the finger) is below 3.5 mmol/l. First of all, this is dizziness and disorientation – a person can not stand on his feet, he “slurs”. These symptoms are similar to alcohol intoxication. In the case of hypoglycemia, there is a protective reaction of the body – the breakdown of glycogen in the liver with the formation of glucose. But even here alcohol interferes-ethanol blocks the liver, and the sugar level continues to fall.
At the first signs of hypoglycemia, you need to eat something sweet. This is exactly the situation when a teaspoon of honey will be very useful. If possible, it is better to take sugar in liquid form-sweet tea or juice. Liquid forms are absorbed faster.
A very dangerous condition is a hypoglycemic coma – a person loses consciousness, and then only a specialist can help him. It is necessary to urgently call an ambulance.
Diabetes mellitus and holiday menu
As a rule, there is a lot of food with a high carbohydrate content on the festive table. But it is necessary to eat meat or dishes from poultry, fish and seafood. These products in their pure form you can! But be sure to ask the hostess if there are any other components in the dish. For example, whether meat and poultry were marinated in honey, and whether flour was added to the sauce. Salad of fresh vegetables, seasoned with vegetable oil – also food for you.
If you do not remember how many bread units are in the products, it is not necessary to take the tables with you. There are special calculators for diabetics on the Internet that will help you with the calculation. However, do not forget that these calculations are approximate. Therefore, it is better to abandon multicomponent dishes in favor of simpler ones.
If you use a blood glucose meter, be sure to bring it to the event. Measurements of sugar levels should be carried out before, during, and after the banquet. Do not forget to take the medications you are taking with you and take them according to your doctor’s prescription.
Absolutely without restrictions, of course, will not do. Foods with a high glycemic index for people with type 2 diabetes are still not allowed. And people with type 1 diabetes – can be limited, having previously calculated the dosage of insulin. Tea, coffee can be without sugar, or bring a sweetener to drink these drinks sweet.
What should a diabetic do after a feast?
Before going to bed, you need to measure your sugar level with a glucometer, then eat some more carbohydrates with a low or medium glycemic index. Glucose in this case will be released for a long time, protecting against a decrease in sugar during sleep.
Of course, alcohol, even in small quantities, is not allowed for everyone.
Alcohol in diabetes mellitus is contraindicated in:
- An uncompensated form of diabetes mellitus. That is, if your sugar level even against the background of treatment “jumps”. Especially dangerous is the use of alcohol with its frequent decrease below the norm.
- Diseases of the kidneys or liver. Diabetic nephropathy, renal failure, hepatitis and cirrhosis are direct contraindications
- Chronic pancreatitis. The cause of pancreatitis in 90% of cases is alcohol, so this verdict leaves no doubt.
Here, in fact, all the information on the topic of alcohol and diabetes. As you can see-the event is quite risky, so to drink or not to drink is your choice. Now you at least know what alcohol consumption can lead to in diabetes, and what to do about it.
Enjoy the holidays and take care of your health!