Psoriasis is a fairly ancient disease, known since biblical times. However, to date, people have not been able to solve the mysteries of this disease. First of all, the exact causes and mechanisms of psoriasis development are unknown, which means that it is impossible to find a universal medicine and methods of prevention. The search for an effective drug is also complicated by the fact that animals do not suffer from psoriasis, which means it is impossible to conduct experiments in laboratories. This news is certainly joyful for animal defenders, but very sad for those who are ill. Psoriasis, although not a fatal disease, but it brings a lot of discomfort and suffering. Let’s get acquainted with the characteristic symptoms of the disease and with the methods of relieving these symptoms.
Causes of psoriasis
Psoriasis is closely related to the state of immunity. For some reason, a malfunction occurs and the skin cells begin to actively divide. Cell renewal normally occurs in 1 month, while the scales of the stratum corneum are constantly peeling off, and this process remains unnoticed by humans. In psoriasis, the cells divide 4-5 times more intensively, quickly rise to the surface of the skin and do not have time to peel off. As a result, the skin is covered with pink and red rashes, covered with whitish scales. Joints and internal organs are often affected.
Psoriasis today is considered a polyethological disease, that is, a number of different factors can lead to the development of this disease. Usually in medicine, the terms “polyethological” or “multifactorial” are veiled by pathologies, the causes of which are not clear. However, to date, there has been a link between psoriasis and stress, as well as some diseases (ARVI, angina, rhinosinusitis, obesity, cholecystitis, allergies, etc.), genetic factors, skin injuries and the use of penicillin-type antibiotics. The most confirmed factor is stress. This explains the presence of psoriasis in the “powerful” – prominent politicians and businessmen.
Signs of psoriasis
The development of psoriasis is individual and depends on the state of a person’s health. It can spread very quickly, in a matter of days, or it can masquerade as arthritis for a long time, and only a few years later it turns out that the cause of the joint disease was psoriasis.
The forms of psoriasis are also different. Plaque and teardrop are easier to tolerate physically, but in the erythrodermic form, almost the entire body is covered with elements of the lesion, and this causes a lot of physical and moral suffering.
The most common symptom of psoriasis is plaque. An experienced dermatologist in some cases will distinguish psoriasis from other diseases. Plaques-thickened areas raised above the skin, covered with stearic scales. If you remove the scales, a stearic spot appears, and then drops of blood that are released from small blood vessels that fit the plaques. Most often, plaques are located on the scalp, the palmar surface of the hands, in the area of the joints of the arms and legs, and in the lower back.
Psoriasis is prone to exacerbations – the rapid appearance of new rashes (sometimes for no apparent reason), then there is a stabilization of the process (the number of spots covered with scales does not change) and the extinction of the disease.
Often the nails are also involved in the process. They thicken, change color. Often, dots and yellowish spots appear on the nails – the so-called “thimble symptom”.
In the articular form of psoriasis, the shape of the joint is deformed, which is accompanied by pain and a violation of its biomechanics.
Needless to say, one of the common symptoms of psoriasis is a person’s moral depression and depression. These people are generally not allowed to wear outdoor clothing, go to the gym, pool, or beach. As a result, self-esteem decreases, and self-confidence is lost. This leads to a number of mental problems, up to nervous breakdowns.
Psoriasis is not a contagious disease. If you meet a person with characteristic symptoms-do not worry, it is not dangerous for others. However, this is difficult to explain to uninitiated people, and therefore a person with skin rashes is forced to hide their flaws.
Diagnosis of psoriasis
It happens that the doctor has questions about the diagnosis. Psoriasis does not always have classic signs, and rashes are similar to the symptoms of other skin diseases. In this case, a biopsy should be performed. Do not be afraid of this method of diagnosis, in this case, it has nothing to do with oncology. To do this, you need to take a small piece of the upper layer of the skin and examine it under a microscope. Psoriasis has characteristic features of the cellular structure of the skin layers. In addition, this disease will not detect any microorganisms, since psoriasis is not an infectious disease.
You also need to take a blood test. In psoriasis, signs of an inflammatory reaction will be determined – an increase in the level of white blood cells, immunoglobulins, proteins and a high rate of erythrocyte sedimentation. There will also be signs of metabolic disorders – a deviation from the normal level of triglycerides, cholesterol and lipids.
Treatment of psoriasis
So, we figured out how many unpleasant moments can bring psoriasis. The search for a cure continues to be actively conducted, but so far they have not been crowned with success. And this is despite the fact that wealthy people promise to literally make a fortune for a person who will show the world an effective drug, and official medical funds have already prepared a cash prize comparable to the Nobel Prize. And as you can see, the motivation is there, but there is still no result. Such is the insidious this psoriasis.
Given the depth of this problem and the desperation of people (and psoriasis affects about 5% of the world’s population), this is actively used by scammers. Do not believe the promises to cure psoriasis, there is simply no such remedy. You will “work with karma ” for a very long time, drink and apply all kinds of poison to your skin, and you will simply lose precious time. Moreover, the official medicine has in its arsenal the means to relieve the symptoms of psoriasis and prolong the remission period. Contact a specialist dermatologist and he will help you. If, in addition to skin manifestations, there are joint lesions, then such patients are treated by a dermatologist and a rheumatologist.
To date, for the treatment of psoriasis, the most effective are:
- Phototherapy – this is a treatment with sunlight or with the help of special lamps. The sun’s rays reduce inflammation, inhibit cell division, restore the immune system to normal, and have a bactericidal effect. This is important to prevent the infection from joining the inflamed skin.
- Medical preparations:
Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives) – regulate the reproduction and growth of skin cells.
Immunosuppressors-suppress the activity of the immune system.
Methotrexate-slows down the metabolic processes in the cells.
Corticosteroids-have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect.
Salicylic acid, lactic acid – help to get rid of scales.
Some drugs for the treatment of psoriasis seriously affect the immune system and metabolic processes, and this is associated with certain risks. Therefore, self-prescribing treatment is unacceptable! Even such a “harmless”, at first glance, phototherapy should be agreed with the doctor. Not everyone is shown the sun, and in any case it must be dosed, otherwise you can cause an exacerbation of the disease.
- Skin care is an important part of preventing the spread of rashes in psoriasis. Clothing should be as comfortable as possible, it is necessary to avoid skin injuries in every possible way, as a rash occurs in the place of violation of its integrity.
The skin should not be over-dried, soaps and shampoos based on aggressive surfactants should be excluded. Suitable emolients-cosmetics for the prevention of atopic dermatitis. It softens the skin and covers it with a protective film. The skin should be well hydrated.
- Diet. With psoriasis, you need to reduce sweet and salty foods, abandon sour, smoked, fried, spicy and spicy. Attention should be paid to regular bowel movements. This is necessary for the normalization of lipid metabolism and for the correction of the immune system. As you know, the intestines and intestinal flora take an active part in the formation of immunity, so it is important to establish its function – to avoid constipation and consume fiber. Pay attention to vitamins C, A and E – these are natural antioxidants that are necessary for the health of the skin and nails.
Thus, the life of a psoriasis patient is a constant struggle with exacerbations of the disease. But don’t despair! There are many examples of successful relief from unpleasant symptoms and the introduction of psoriasis in a state of long-term remission.
We wish you a successful treatment!